HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS – Lesson 6 of 8

 

WE KNOW FROM Matthew 28:18 THAT JESUS HAS ALL AUTHORITY AFTER THE CROSS.

“And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.”

JESUS GAVE LAWS THAT ARE OPPOSITE TO THE OLD TESTAMENT LAWS. Matt. 5:31-39).   HE SEEMED TO BE CONTRADICTING THE MOSAIC LAW.

31 It hath been said, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement:

32 But I say unto you, That whosoever shall put away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, causeth her to commit adultery: and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced committeth adultery.

33 Again, ye have heard that it hath been said by them of old time, Thou shalt not forswear thyself, but shalt perform unto the Lord thine oaths:

34 But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne:

35 Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.

36 Neither shalt thou swear by thy head, because thou canst not make one hair white or black.

37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.

38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:

39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other also Matt. 5:31-39).

Matt. 5:17-18

17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil.

18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.

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HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS – Lesson 5 of 8

WE HAVE SEEN THAT THE GREATEST AND THE SECOND GREATEST COMMANDS ARE NOT PART OF THE TEN ACCORDING TO Matt. 22:36-40.  THIS MAKES AT LEAST TWELVE COMMANDMENTS (NOT 10).

36 Master, which is the great commandment in the law?

37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

38 This is the first and great commandment.

39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

MOST BIBLE STUDENTS AGREE NUMBERS 18:26 IS NOT PART OF THE TEN COMMANDMENTS.

26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.

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HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS – Lesson 4 of 8

Exodus 20:18-26—GOD CONTINUES TO GIVE HIS LAWS.

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 

20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.

23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

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HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW: Lesson 3 of 8

ISRAEL BEGAN TO BE A NATION WHEN IT CROSSED THE RED SEA

  • They needed a law to govern the people. (What happens to a people without a law? 2 Chr. 15:3; 2:12; 1 Cor. 9:21)
  • Two weeks later ( 20:1-17), God gave them the Law (only ten of the commandments at that time) on Mt. Sinai.

THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW IS MORE THAN JUST THE 10 COMMANDMENTS.

Continue reading HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW: Lesson 3 of 8

HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS: Lesson 2 of 8

Lesson 2

Deut. 5:1-4

  1. And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, Hear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do them.
  2. The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.
  3. The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day.
  4. The LORD talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire,

Note particularly in verse 3 that God did not make the covenant with anyone but Israel.

Deut. 7: 12-15 says “IF ye hearken….

12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that the LORD thy God shall keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which he sware unto thy fathers:

13 And he will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: he will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee.

14 Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle.

15 And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee.

Deut. 11:22-28—IF ye shall diligently keep all these commandments….

22 For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him;

23 Then will the LORD drive out all these nations from before you, and ye shall possess greater nations and mightier than yourselves.

24 Every place whereon the soles of your feet shall tread shall be yours: from the wilderness and Lebanon, from the river, the river Euphrates, even unto the uttermost sea shall your coast be.

25 There shall no man be able to stand before you: for the LORD your God shall lay the fear of you and the dread of you upon all the land that ye shall tread upon, as he hath said unto you.

26 Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse;

27 A blessing, if ye obey the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day:

28 And a curse, if ye will not obey the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known.

QUESTIONS:

  1. What law were the Israelites under when they first entered Egypt (Gen. 47:11)?
  2. Which law did the twelve tribes of Israel submit to while they were in Egypt for 400 years (Gen. 47:11)?
  3. What law were the Israelites under the first day they crossed over the Red Sea?
  4. What would happen to any nation if it had no national laws?
  5. What law did God give to govern the physical nation of Israel (Deut. 5:1-3)?
  6. What did God call the law that He gave to the nation of Israel (Heb. 8:7-9)?
  7. For whom did God make the Law of Moses (Deut. 5:2)?
  8. For whom did God not make the Law of Moses (Deut. 5:3)?
  9. Did God give the Law of Moses to anyone but the physical nation of Israel (Gal. 5:1-4)?
  10. What did God promise the Israelites He would give them if they kept his covenant (Deut. 11:22-24)?
  11. Which non-Israelite prophets, who prophesied before or during the time the Jews, were not under the Law of Moses? The non-Jewish nations (Gentiles) were not under the law of Moses, but God dealt with them through prophets.  Which prophets (specific prophets) would this have included?

You might think of a timeline which would look something like this:

  • Prophets ============================================>Christ
  • Mosaic (OT) Law =====================>Christ
  • Christ ===========>Today
  1. Consider that Abraham is our example of faith. Was he under the Law of Moses?  You may have to use the timeline here.
  2. Of all the examples of faith in Heb. 11:1-40,  how many of those lived under the Law of Moses?
  3. Reading from 1 Cor. 10:1-5,  what put the Israelites “into Moses?”