HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD AND NEW TESTAMENTS – Lesson 4 of 8

Exodus 20:18-26—GOD CONTINUES TO GIVE HIS LAWS.

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 

20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.

23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.

25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

NOTICE PARTICULARLY Exodus 21:1-5 

1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.

3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by himself.

5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:

Exodus 21:15—And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

Exodus 21:17—And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

QUESTIONS:

Some of these questions have been used earlier with slightly different wording.  Those should be easy for everyone to answer.

1. Why did the Israelites ask God to stop speaking to them from the mountain (Exod. 20:18-19)?

2. Would God have continued speaking from the mountain if the Israelites had not asked Him to stop?

3. Who did they request to speak to them concerning God’s laws (Exod. 20:19)?

4. Which one of the Ten Commandments did God further explain (Exod. 20:4, Exod. 20:23)?

5. What was the next command God gave to the children of Israel (Exod. 20:24)?

6. Was the command found in Exodus 20:24-26 found in the Ten Commandments?

7. What was the greatest command God gave to the children of Israel (Matt. 22:36-38)?

8. Was the greatest command of the Old Testament included in the Ten Commandments?

9. What was the second greatest command God gave to the children of Israel (Matt. 22:36-39)?

10. Was the second greatest command a part of the Ten Commandments given on Mount Sinai?

11. If the two greatest commands were not spoken to the Israelites from Mount Sinai, did the Old Law include more than Ten Commandments?

12. Were there more commandments God gave to Israel in Exo. 21?

13. Were there more commandments given to the Levites in the book of Leviticus?

14. Did God command the Israelites to give ten percent of their income to Him (Matt. 23:23; Num. 18:21-26)?

15. Was the command to give ten percent of their income one of the Ten Commandments?

16. What did God command the Israelites to do with a child who cursed or struck his father or his mother (Exodus 21:15-17)?

17. What would happen if someone of the Jewish nationality in America today obeyed the commands in Exodus 21:15-17?

18. List the laws regarding a Hebrew slave (Exod. 21).

YOU NEVER CAN TELL

You Never Can Tell

You never can tell when you send a word
Like an arrow shot from a bow
By an archer blind, be it cruel or kind,
Just where it may chance to go.

It may pierce the breast of your dearest friend,
Tipped with its poison or balm,
To a stranger’s heart in life’s great mart
It may carry its pain or its calm.

You never can tell when you do an act
Just what the result will be,
But with every deed you are sowing a seed,
Though the harvest you may not see.

Each kindly act is an acorn dropped
In God’s productive soil;
You may not know, but the tree shall grow
With shelter for those who toil.

You never can tell what your thoughts will do
In bringing you hate or love,
For thoughts are things, and their airy wings
Are swifter than a carrier dove.

They follow the law of the universe –
Each thing must create its kind.
And they speed o’er the tract to bring you back
Whatever went out from your mind.

–Gospel Digest, February, 1960

A Plea for Our Boys

Drink deeply and consider the precious ones given us by God. We are responsible!

for the invisible

A Plea for Our Boys

Amaris is taking World History this year, and showed me a quote in her history book which I kept thinking about as I was studying mercy for the previous post. Seneca was a Roman soldier, but even he was appalled at the depths his country had sunk to – to be entertained by killing.

“I chanced to stop in a midday show [of gladiators], expecting fun, wit, and some relaxation, when men’s eyes take respite from the slaughter of their fellow men. It was just the reverse. The preceding combats were merciful by comparison; now all the trifling is put aside and it is pure murder…” (Quoted in F.F. Bruce,
New Testament History, p.42) 

He goes on to describe the spectators’ enthusiasm for the sport, and demand for continuous action.

This bothered me. We attribute the fall of Rome to the immorality of their society, and point at their…

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HOW GOD DEALS WITH HIS PEOPLE IN THE OLD TESTAMENT AND THE NEW: Lesson 3 of 8

Lesson 3

ISRAEL BEGAN TO BE A NATION WHEN IT CROSSED THE RED SEA

  • They needed a law to govern the people. (What happens to a people without a law? 2 Chr. 15:3; 2:12; 1 Cor. 9:21)
  • Two weeks later ( 20:1-17), God gave them the Law (only ten of the commandments at that time) on Mt. Sinai.

THE OLD TESTAMENT LAW IS MORE THAN JUST THE 10 COMMANDMENTS.

NOTICE WHY GOD DID NOT CONTINUE GIVING HIS LAWS AT THIS TIME (Exo. 20:1-19).

1 And God spake all these words, saying,

2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:

5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;

6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.

9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:

10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:

11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

13 Thou shalt not kill.

14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

15 Thou shalt not steal.

16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

QUESTIONS:

There are not so many questions this time but lack of references at the end of each one make your work a bit harder. I pray you will be able to use the key words in each question to look up the answers you need in a concordance. Questions like these can be a challenge, but they may be answered correctly with just a little extra effort. You have to be on your toes to find the answers and give the scripture where you prove them.

One other thing I would like to mention is that this is a particularly good lesson to use in studying with people of different beliefs. Some denominations base their whole doctrine on the Ten Commandments and ignore almost all other OT commands (laws) for the Israelites. Ceremonial cleansing, preparation of food, clean and unclean animals are all part of the confusion. The original post is here.

  1. How many laws did God speak to the children of Israel on Mount Sinai?
  2. Why did God stop speaking his law on Mount Sinai?
  3. Did God give Moses any more laws for the children of Israel after he spoke the 10 Commandments?
  4. What was the greatest commandment in the law (Matt. 22:36-40)?
  5. What was the second greatest commandment in the law?
  6. Was the greatest command or the second greatest command found in any of the Ten Commandments?
  7. If the two greatest commandments of the law were not part of the Ten Commandments, did God give more than 10 Commandments to Israel?
  8. Were the laws regarding the Passover a part of the Law of Moses?
  9. Was the Passover a part of the Ten Commandments?
  10. How many other laws did God give to Israel in Exodus 20?
  11. Was circumcision a part of the Ten Commandments?
  12. What were the laws for clean and unclean birds?
  13. Were the laws of animal sacrifice given in the Ten Commandments?
  14. Was the command to give 10 percent a part of the Ten Commandments?
  15. Were the weightier laws of judgment, mercy and faith part of the Ten Commandments (Matt. 23:23)?

REMEMBER: Someone has counted the laws found in the OT including the laws concerning land ownership, leprosy, diseases, etc. and found 613 laws (345 “thou shalt not” and 268 “thou shalt”). The Dickson edition of the KJV Bible has a chart on page 1459-61, which lists most of the laws found in the books of Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. I have made a smaller list of the “laws punishable by death” in a similar chart and will share my document with anyone who wants it.