Even though God disciplined His children, he loved them dearly.
Jeremiah 31:20—this account is probably the same as Israel being God’s son.
“Is Ephraim my dear son? is he a pleasant child? for since I spake against him, I do earnestly remember him still: therefore my bowels are troubled for him; I will surely have mercy upon him, saith the Lord.”
Hosea 1:3-11—Jezreel seems to be a physical place but starting in verse 10 could be a prophecy of the church
God used Hosea as an object lesson to prophesy of a spiritual nation that would genuinely love him.
So he went and took Gomer the daughter of Diblaim; which conceived, and bare him a son. 4 And the Lord said unto him, Call his name Jezreel; for yet a little while, and I will avenge the blood of Jezreel upon the house of Jehu, and will cause to cease the kingdom of the house of Israel. 5 And it shall come to pass at that day, that I will break the bow of Israel in the valley of Jezreel. 6 And she conceived again, and bare a daughter. And God said unto him, Call her name Lo-ruhamah: for I will no more have mercy upon the house of Israel; but I will utterly take them away. 7 But I will have mercy upon the house of Judah, and will save them by the Lord their God, and will not save them by bow, nor by sword, nor by battle, by horses, nor by horsemen. 8 Now when she had weaned Lo-ruhamah, she conceived, and bare a son. 9 Then said God, Call his name Lo-ammi: for ye are not my people, and I will not be your God. 10 Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be measured nor numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, there it shall be said unto them, Ye are the sons of the living God. 11 Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
Romans 9:23-27—This is obviously a fulfillment of the prophecy concerning the church. It proves by the prophecy in Hosea that He would call his nation out of the world to be his beloved people.
“And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory, 24 https://tinyurl.com/y5xwk3sgEven us, whom he hath called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles? 25 As he saith also in Osee, I will call them my people, which were not my people; and her beloved, which was not beloved. 26 And it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people; there shall they be called the children of the living God. 27 Esaias also crieth concerning Israel, Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, a remnant shall be saved:”
Hosea 11:1—Even though this is quoted in Matthew 2:15 and applied to Christ, it no doubt applies to God calling ‘his son’ Israel, his firstborn, out of Egypt by Moses. Israel’s leaving Egypt is a shadow of God calling His Son Jesus out of Egypt.
“When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.”
In the Old Testament our Heavenly Father made Israel his nation (2 Cor. 6:16 from Isa. 51:4), which is a shadow of the New Testament. He quotes the OT references that he will dwell with them, and applies this to the NT spiritual temple of the Holy Spirit.
16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
Exodus 29:45 God did send His Presence with Israel who remained with them until the law of Moses was fulfilled.
45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.
12 And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
Haggai 2:5 Even after the Captivity where there is no mention of the Ark of the Covenant, God comforted the Israelites to know that His Spirit still remained among them.
5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so my spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not.
Now also in the New Testament we have the promise of God’s Holy Spirit dwelling in the one spiritual temple.
Deuteronomy 23:14—One main purpose for the presence of the Holy Spirit was to deliver the physical Israelites from their enemies.
This is the same reason he dwells in the New Testament spiritual temple of God.
14 For the Lord thy God walketh in the midst of thy camp, to deliver thee, and to give up thine enemies before thee; therefore shall thy camp be holy: that he see no unclean thing in thee, and turn away from thee.